Epson ActionPC 6000-66 Download Manual

IMPORTANT NOTICE

Epson America makes no representations or warranties, either express or implied, by orwith respect to anything in this manual, and shall not be liable for any implied warrantiesof merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose or for any indirect, special, orconsequential damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion of incidental orconsequential damages, so this exclusion may not apply to you.
COPYRIGHTNOICE
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrievalsystem, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Epson
America, Inc. No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of informationcontained herein. Nor is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of theinformation contained herein. Further, this publication and features described herein aresubject to change without notice.
TRADEMARKS
EPSON is a registered trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation
EPSON Connection and EPSON Direct are service marks of Epson America, Inc.
General notice: Other product names used herein are for identification purposes only andmay be trademarks of their respective owners. EPSON disclaims any and all rights inthose marks.
The Energy Star emblem does not represent EPA endorsement of any product or service.
Copyright 1994 by Epson America, Inc. 400395000
Torrance, California, USA 12/ 94iiImportant Safety Instructions
Read all of these instructions and save them for later reference. Followall warnings and instructions marked on the computer.
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Unplug the computer before cleaning. Clean with a damp cloth only.
Do not spill liquid on the computer.
Do not place the computer on an unstable surface or near a radiatoror heat register.
Do not block or cover the openings in the computer’s cabinet. Do notinsert objects through the slots.
Use only the type of power source indicated on the computer’s label.
Connect all equipment to properly grounded power outlets. Avoidusing outlets on the same circuit as photocopiers or air controlsystems that regularly switch on and off.
Do not let the computer’s power cord become damaged or frayed.
If you use an extension cord with the computer, make sure the totalampere rating of the devices plugged into the extension cord doesnot exceed the cord’s ampere rating. Also, make sure the total of alldevices plugged into the wall outlet does not exceed 15 amperes.
Except as specifically explained in this User's Guide, do not attemptto service the computer yourself.
Unplug the computer and refer servicing to qualified servicepersonnel under the following conditions:If the power cord or plug is damaged; if liquid has entered thecomputer; if the computer has been dropped or the cabinet damaged;if the computer does not operate normally or exhibits a distinctchange in performance. Adjust only those controls that are coveredby the operating instructions.
If you plan to use the computer in Germany, observe the following:To provide adequate short-circuit protection and over-currentprotection for this computer, the building installation must beprotected by a 16 Amp circuit breaker.
Beim Anschluß des Computers an die Netzversorgung mußsichergestellt werden, daß die Gebäudeinstallation mit einem
16 A Überstromschutzschalter abgesichert ist.iii Importances instructions de sécurité
Lire attentivement les instructions suivantes et les conserver pour lesconsulter en cas de besoin. Observer soigneusement tous lesavertissements et directives marqués sur l’ordinateur.
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Débrancher l’ordinateur avant de le nettoyer. N‘utiliser qu‘un chiffonhumide. Veiller à ne pas renverser de liquides sur l’appareil.
Ne pas placer l’ordinateur sur une surface instable ni près d’unesource de chaleur.
Ne pas bloquer ni couvrir les orifices d’aération de l’appareil. Ne pasintroduire d‘objets dans les overtures.
Utiliser seulement le type de source d‘alimentation électrique indiquésur l’étiquette.
Tout l’équipement doit être branché sur des prises de courant aveccontact de terre. Ne jamais utiliser une prise sur le même circuitqu’un appareil à photocopies ou un système de contrô1e deventilation avec commutation marche-arrêt automatique.
S’assurer que le cordon d’alimentation de l’ordinateur n’est pasabîmé ni effiloché.
Dans le cas où on utilise un cordon de rallonge avec l’ordinateur,s’assurer que l’intensité en amperes requise pour tous les appareilsbranches sur ce cordon ne soit pas supérieure à la capacité du cordon.
S’assurer aussi que cette intensté ne dépasse jamais la somme de 15amperes pour l’ensemble des appareils.
Sauf clans les cas spécifiques expliqués dans ce manuel de l’usager,ne pas essayer d’entretenir ou de réparer l’ordinateur soi-même.
Débrancher l’ordinateur et contacter un technician qualifié dans lescirconstances suivantes:Si le cordon ou la prise sent abîmés; si un liquide a pénétré àl’intérieur de l’appareil; si on a laissé tomber l’appareil ou si le boîtierest endommagé; si l’ordinateur ne fonctionne pas normalement oufonctionne d‘une manière très difference de l’ordinaire. N ‘ajuster queles commandes décrites dans les directives.
Pour utiliser l’ordinateur en Allemagne, il est nécessaire que lebâtiment soit muni d’un disjoncteur de 16 ampères pour protégerl’ordinateur contre les courts-circuits et le survoltage.
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INTRODUCTION
Computer Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Power-saving Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
SVGA and IDE Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
How to Use This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Where to Get Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
CompuServe On-line Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
CHAPTER 1 SETTING UP YOUR SYSTEM
Choosing a Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Setting the Voltage Selector Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . .... 1-2
Connecting System Components . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Connecting a Keyboard or Mouse. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Connecting a Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Connecting a Parallel or Serial Device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Connecting the Power Cord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Turning On the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Turning Off the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
CHAPTER 2 RUNNING SETUP AND INSTALLING DRIVERS
Using SETUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Starting the SETUP Program. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . .. . 2-2
Using the System Setup Option. . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . ... . 2-3
Using the Fixed Disk Setup Option. . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . .... .. . .. . .. 2-5
Using the Advanced System Setup Options. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Setting the Boot Options. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 2-8
Using the Extended Features Options. . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . 2-9
Setting the Security and Anti-Virus Options. . . . . . .. . . .. . ... ... . . . .. . . . 2-10
Using the Green PC Features. . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . 2-13
Exiting SETUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . .. 2-14vPost-SETUP Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Installing the IDE Drivers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Installing Video Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
CHAPTER 3 USING YOUR COMPUTER
Working Comfortably .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Using the Right Furniture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Positioning Your Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Lighting Your Workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Using the Key board and Mouse. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 3-4
Maintaining Good Posture and Work Habits . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . 3-5
Using Energy Wisely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Using Your Green PC Features. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . ... .. . . 3-6
Inserting and Removing Diskettes . . . . . . ... . . . . . . .. .. .. 3-7
Stopping a Command or Program . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Resetting the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .... . 3-9
Using a Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Changing the Processor Speed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . .. ... . .. . .. . .. .. .. .. 3-11
CHAPTER 4 INSTALLING AND REMOVING OPTIONS
Removing the Cover . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Replacing the Cover . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . . .. .. . . . . . . . .. 4-4
Locating the Internal Components. . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . .. .. . . 4-5
Changing the Jumper Settings. . . . .. . . .. .. .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Setting the Jumpers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Installing Memory Modules (SIMMs). . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Inserting SIMMs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Removing SIMMs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Installing an Option Card. . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . 4-15
Installing a VESA Card or a Full-length Card. . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . .. . 4-16
Installing a Half-length Card. . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Removing an Option Card..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Adding Video Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Installing External Cache. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . .. 4-20
Post-installation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22viCHAPTER 5 INSTALLING AND REMOVING DRIVERS
Removing the Drive Mounting Bracket . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . ... 5-2
Installing a Hard Disk Drive in the Mounting Bracket. . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. .. . . . 5-3
Removing the Mounting Frames. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Installing the Hard Disk Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Replacing the Bracket in the Computer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Connecting the Drive Cables.. . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . .. .. . .. . 5-8
Reconnecting the Cables to the Diskette Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Removing a Hard Disk Drive From the Mounting Bracket.. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14
Installing a Drive in an External Drive Bay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 5-15
Attaching Mounting Frames to the Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
Installing the Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17
Connecting the Drive and Power Cables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
Removing a Drive from an External Bay. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 5-21
Post-installation Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-22
CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING
Identifying Your System .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
The Computer Will Not Start. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
The Computer Does Not Respond. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Keyboard Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 6-4
Mouse Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 6-5
Monitor Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 6-5
Diskette Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 6-7
Diskette Drive Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 6-8
Hard Disk Drive Problems . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 6-8
Password Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 6-10
Software Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 6-11
Printer or Scanner Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . 6-12
Option Card Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 6-12
Memory Module Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . ... 6-13
Controller Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. 6-14
External Cache Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . 6-14viiAPPENDIX A SPECIFICATIONS
CPU and Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controllers . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interfaces. . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . ..
Mass Storage . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . .... .. .
Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .
Mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . .. ... . ..
SETUP Program . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option Slot Power Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .
Physical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . ... . . . . . . .
OptionsAvailablefromEPSON. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .
Tested Operating Environments. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Memory Map . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Video Resolutions and Colors. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard DiskDriveTypes . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DriveOptionInformation.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DMA Assignments . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .
Hardware Interrupts . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
System I/OAddress Map.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
ConnectorPinAssignments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . .
GLOSSARY
A-1
A-2
A-3
A-4
A-4
A-5
A-5
A-5
A-5
A-6
A-6
A-6
A-7
A-7
A-8
A-9
A-11
A-12
A-13
A-13
A-15
INDEX
EPSON lnternational Marketing LocationsviiiIntroduction
Your new EPSON
computer is a versatile system ideallysuited for use as a network server or high-poweredworkstation.
With the computer’s Intel

Pentium
TMmicroprocessor and 8MBof standard memory you can run a vast array of the latestprograms, utilities, and games designed for productivity andfun.
Your high-capacity hard disk drive will hold the hundreds ofprogram and data files you will create as you use yourcomputer.
And when you ‘re ready to acquire more capability, you canexpand your system, video, and cache memory and installoptions cards. The VESA option slots allow you to installhigh-perform ante VESA-compliant devices such as a graphicsaccelerator card, SCSI adapter, or network controller.
Computer Features
Your computer offers the following features:Intel Pentium 60 or 66 MHz microprocessor
8MB of internal memory, expandable to 128MB
High-speed, 32-bit local bus interfaces for both SVGA videoand IDE hard disk drives
Two-channel VESA local bus IDE hard disk drive interfacesupporting up to four IDE hard disk drives (two on eachchannel)
Introduction 116KB of internal cache in the microprocessor and 256KB ofexternal cache on the main system board, upgradable to
1MB
1MB of onboard video memory, expandable to 2MB
Energy Star compliant, low-power standby mode for thevideo and hard disk drive in standard configurations
Built-in SVGA port with support for energy-conservingmonitors
Three 16-bit, ISA option slots and two 32-bit VESA localbus slots (VESA slots can also be used for ISA cards)
Space for up to four mass storage devices, three externallyaccessible and one internal; on-board controllers supportup to four IDE hard disk drives and two diskette drives.
Your system contains local bus interfaces for the video and IDEhard disk drive controllers. These buses can transfer data at thefull speed of your processor (60 or 66 MHz) rather than at thestandard 8.33 MHz ISA bus speed, so your system can accessthe hard disk drive and process video data far more quickly.
Power-saving Features
In standard configurations, this computer complies with the
United States Environment al Protection Agency’s Energy Star
Program, which promotes the manufacture of energy-efficientprinters, computers, and monitors. Your computer’s “Green
PC" feature places the hard disk drive in a low-power standbymode when the mouse and keyboard have been inactive for aspecified period of time.
2 IntroductionNote
If you have an Energy Star compliant monitor, it also entersa low-power standby mode because it isn’t receiving videosignals from your computer. (Screens on non-compliantmonitors go blank, but do not enter a low-power standbymode.)
SVGA and lDE Drivers
Your computer comes with special SVGA and IDE drivers forthe integrated local bus SVGA and IDE hard disk driveinterfaces. The IDE driver lets you use the high-speed, 32-bitlocal bus IDE hard disk drive interface which dram aticallyincreases the speed of your computer as it reads from andwrites to your hard disk drive.
The SVGA drivers allow you to take advantage of the local busand extended VGA features such as high resolutions and
132-column text mode when you run popular applicationprograms.
See Chapter 2 for instructions on installing the IDE and videodrivers.
Introduction 3How to Use This Manual
This manual contains the information you need to get the bestresults from your computer. You don’t have to read everythingin this book; see the following chapter summaries to find thesections you need.
Chapter 1 provides instructions for setting up your system andconnecting peripheral devices such as the monitor and printer.
Chapter 2 describes how to run the SETUP program todefine your computer’s configuration. This chapter alsodescribes how to install the IDE and video drivers that allowyou to take full advantage of your computer’s capabilities.
Chapter 3 covers general operating procedures, such asresetting the computer, using the password, and changing theprocessor speed.
Chapter 4 describes how to remove and replace the computer’scover, change jumper settings, and install optional equipmentsuch as option cards and memory modules.
Chapter 5 explains how to install and remove disk drives
Chapter 6 contains troubleshooting tips.
Appendix A lists the specifications of your computer and theoperating environments that have been tested on your system.
At the end of this manual you’ll find a Glossary, an Index, anda list of EPSON U.S. and international marketing locations.
4 IntroductionWhere to Get Help
If you purchased your computer in the United States or
Canada, EPSON provides customer support and servicethrough a network of Authorized EPSON Customer Care
Centers. EPSON also provides support services through the
EPSON Connection.
SM
In the United States, dial (800) 922-8911.
In Canada, dial (800) GO-EPSON.
Call the EPSON Connection for the following:Technical assistance with the installation, configuration,and operation of EPSON products
Assistance in locating your nearest Authorized EPSON
Reseller or Service Center
Customer relations
EPSON technical inform ation library fax service
Product literature on current and new products.
You can purchase accessories, manuals, or parts for EPSONproducts from EPSON Accessories at (800) 873-7766 (U.S. salesonly). In Canada, call (800) GO-EPSON.
When you call for technical assistance, be ready to identifyyour system and its configuration, and provide any errormessages to the support staff. See Chapter 6 for moreinform ation.
If you purchased your computer outside the United States or
Canada, contact your EPSON dealer or the marketing locationnearest you for customer support and service. Internationalmarketing locations are listed at the end of this manual.
Introduction 5If you need help with any software application program youare using, see the documentation that came with that programfor technical support inform ation.
CompuServe On-line Support
If you have a modem, the fastest way to access helpful tips,specifications, drivers, application notes, tables for DIP switchor jumper settings, and bulletins for EPSON products isthrough the Epson America Forum on Com pu Serve.

If you are not currently a member of CompuServe, you areeligible for a free introductory membership as an owner of an
EPSON product. This membership entitles you to:An introductory $15 credit on CompuServe
Your own user ID and password
A complimentary subscription to CompuServe Magazine,
CompuServe’s monthly publication.
To take advantage of this offer, call (800) 848-8199 in the United
States and Canada and ask for representative #529. In othercountries, call the following U.S. telephone number:(614) 529-1611, or your local CompuServe access number.
If you are already a CompuServe member, simply type
GO EPSON at the menu prompt to reach the Epson America
Forum.
6 IntroductionChapter 1
Setting Up Your System
This chapter briefly describes how to setup your computer. Itincludes the following information:Choosing a location
Setting the voltage selector switch
Connecting system components
Turning the computer on and off.
Choosing a Location
Before you set up your system, choose a convenient locationthat provides a flat, hard surface. Do not place your system tooclose to any electrical device, such as a telephone or television,which generates an electromagnetic field. Protect yourcomputer from extremes in temperature, humidity, dust, andsmoke, and avoid direct sunlight or other sources of heat.
Read the “Important Safety Instructions” on page iii at the frontof this manual for more instructions on choosing a suitableenvironment for your system.
Also read “Working Comfortably” in Chapter 3 for guidelineson creating a comfortable and safe working environment.
Setting Up Your System 1-1Setting the Voltage Selector Switch
Your system is powered by a 200 Watt power supply. Thepower supply input voltage is controlled by a switch on thecomputer’s back panel that may be set to 110 VAC or 220 VAC.
(The switch on your computer may read 115 VAC or 230 VAC;these are equivalent settings.)
The computer is shipped with the voltage selector switch set to
110 VAC, which is appropriate for line source voltages between
100 and 120 VAC. This is generally the correct setting if you usethe computer in North America, South America, or Japan.
If you plan to operate the computer in the United Kingdom,
Europe, or some South American countries, you will almostcertainly need to reset the voltage selector switch to 220 VAC.
Line source voltages between 200 and 240 VAC are acceptablewith the switch set to 220 VAC.
Caution
Before you turn on the power to your system make sure thevoltage selector is set to the appropriate setting for theelectrical power source in your location or you will seriouslydamage your system.
To change the voltage selector switch setting, slide the switchto the left to select 110 VAC or to the right to select 220 VAC.
1-2 Setting Up Your SystemConnecting System Components
Use the illustration below to locate the ports on the back ofyour system as you connect the keyboard, monitor, printer, andother devices.
Your system also includes two removable panels above themouse and keyboard ports. You can remove these panels if youwant to install a game port connector to the game port interfaceon the system board or if you install an optional external port.
Note
To use the game port connector on the main system board,be sure jumper JP9 is set to enable the port (default setting),as described in Chapter 4.
Setting Up Your System 1-3Connecting a Keyboard or Mouse
To connect a keyboard, hold the cable connector so the arrowon the connector faces up. Insert it into the port marked K/B.
If you have a PS/ 2 compatible mouse, connect it to thecomputer’s built-in mouse port by inserting the connector intothe port marked MOUSE
Caution
Although the connectors and ports for the mouse andkeyboard are physically identical, they cannot be usedinterchangeably. Be sure to plug the connectors into theappropriate ports, or you may damage your system.
If your system has not already been configured, you may needto install a mouse driver. See your mouse manual forinstructions. (If you are using Window,
TMthe Windowsinstallation program automatically loads a mouse driver for
Windows applications.)
Connecting a Monitor
You can connect your VGA or SVGA monitor to the computer’sbuilt-in VGA port as described below:1. Place your monitor near the computer. Turn the monitor andcomputer around so the backs are facing you.
2. There should be two cables provided with your monitor: themonitor cable (to connect it to the computer) and the powercable (to connect it to the power source). On most monitors,the monitor cable is permanently attached to the monitor. Ifyour monitor does not have an attached cable, connect thecable to it now.
1-4 Setting Up Your System3. Examine the connector on the monitor cable and line it upwith the VGA port on the computer. Then insert theconnector into the port.
Caution
To avoid damaging the connector, be careful not to bendthe pins when you insert it.
4. If the connector has retaining screws, tighten them.
Caution
Before you plug the monitor’s power cord into the backof your computer, make sure the monitor’s powerrequirements do not exceed 1 Amp.
5. Plug the monitor’s power cord into the power inlet on theback of the monitor.
6. Plug the other end of the power cord into a groundedelectrical outlet or into the power outlet on the back of thecomputer.
Connecting a Parallel or Serial Device
Your computer has one multi-mode parallel port and two serialports. To connect a printer or other peripheral device, followthe appropriate instructions in this section.
Setting Up Your System 1-5Using the parallel port
Follow these steps to connect a parallel device to yourcomputer:1. Place the parallel device and the computer so that the backsare facing you.
2. Align the connector end of the parallel cable with the
PARALLEL port and plug it in. If the connector has retainingscrews, tighten them.
3. Connect the other end of the cable to the parallel device. Tosecure the cable, squeeze the clips at each side of the deviceport and push them into place.
4. Plug the parallel device’s power cord into a groundedelectrical outlet.
Be sure to set the multi-mode parallel port to the correct modefor the device you connected by changing the setting of the
LPT Extended Mode option in the SETUP program, asdescribed in Chapter 2.
If you use EPP mode (Enhanced Parallel Port) or ECP mode
(Extended Capabilities Port), check your parallel devicesoftware documentation for the correct DMA channel (DRQ)setting. Then set jumpers JP17 and JP18 to match this setting, asdescribed in Chapter 4.
Using the serial ports
If you have a printer, a modem, or other device with a serialinterface, you can connect it to one of the serial (RS-232C) ports.
Make sure you have a cable compatible with a DB-9P connector.
To connect a serial device, insert the connector into one of theports marked COM1 and COM2. If you are connecting only oneserial device, use the COM1 port.
1-6 Setting Up Your SystemConnecting the Power Cord
Follow these steps to connect the computer’s power cord:1. Plug the power cord into the power inlet on the back of thecomputer.
WARNING
To avoid an electric shock, be sure to plug the cord intothe computer before plugging it into the wall outlet.
2. Plug the other end of the cord into an electrical outlet.
Turning On the Computer
Once you set up your system, you ‘re ready to turn on thepower. The features on the front panel are shown below.
Setting Up Your System 1-7Caution
Before you turn on your computer, be sure to read
“Important Safety Instructions” on page iii at the front ofthis manual to ensure that you have created a safeenvironment for your system.
Follow these steps to turn on your system:1. If there is a protective card in a diskette drive, remove it.
2. Turn on the monitor, printer, and any other devicesconnected to the computer.
3. If you do not have a hard disk with an operating systemloaded on it, insert your main operating system diskette indrive A.
4. Turn on the computer by pressing the power button on theright side of the front panel.
The power indicator lights up; then the computer performs itspower-on diagnostics, which are a series of checks to makesure everything is working correctly.
During diagnostics, you see a message telling you to press
Del to run the SETUP program. (Chapter 2 describesstarting and using SETUP.)
5. If your system is configured to automatically load a program
(such as Windows), you then see the first menu or screendisplay of that program. If not, you may see the operatingsystem prompt, such as C: \> or A: \>.
If there is no operating system installed on your computer,you may see an error message. Ignore the message for now;once you install the operating system, you will not see thismessage.
1-8 Setting Up Your SystemNow you need to run the SETUP program to make sure yourcomputer is configured properly. First turn off the computer, asdescribed below, then see Chapter 2 for instructions. When youfinish running SETUP, see “Post-SETUP Procedures” onpage 2-15 for guidelines on what to do next.
Turning Off the Computer
Whenever you turn off your system, follow these steps:1. Save your data, exit any application programs, and exit
Windows, if you are running it.
2. Check the hard disk drive light and the diskette drive light(s)to make sure they are not on. Don’t turn off the computer ifone of these lights are on because you could damage thedrive or lose data.
3. Remove any diskette(s) from the diskette drive(s),
4. Press the power button to turn off the computer.
5. Turn off the monitor, printer, and any other peripheraldevices.
Setting Up Your System 1-91-10 Setting Up Your SystemChapter 2
Running SETUP and Installing Drivers
Your computer has a configuration program, SETUP, containedwithin the BIOS chip on the system board. This program allowsyou to change the settings for your hardware configuration.
The computer also comes with diskettes containing drivers andutilities that let you take advantage of some of the advancedfeatures of your system, like the local bus hard disk driveinterface and the local bus SVGA capabilities of the built-invideo interface.
This chapter describes using SETUP and provides instructionsfor installing the local bus IDE drivers and video drivers.
Using SETUP
You may need to run the SETUP program the first time you useyour computer. If your system came unconfigured, you need todefine how it is set up. If your system was configured for you,you may want to check the settings or adjust the date and time.
You also may need to run SETUP again later if you changeyour configuration.
SETUP lets you verify or change the following:System settings such as date, time, diskette drives, and typeof video display
Automatic or manual selection of hard disk drives
Automatic or manual selection of advanced hardwarefeatures for optimizing system perform ante
System booting options
Running SETUP and Installing Drivers 2-1Security password and anti-virus features
Green PC options, such as the time intervals before thesystem and the hard disk drive go into low-power standbymode.
The SETUP program and the factory default options for yourcomputer are stored in the computer’s ROM (read-onlymemory). The configuration information you enter is backedup by a battery, so it is not erased when you turn off or resetthe computer.
Starting the SETUP Program
When you start your computer, it performs some power-ondiagnostics. During these diagnostics, you may see thefollowing message:Press to enter SETUP
Press Del. This message is only on the screen for a few seconds.
If you missed it, restart your computer and try again.
If, during power-on diagnostics, the system detects an error inyour system configuration, you hear two beeps and see anerror message followed by this message:Press to resume, to run SETUP
Press Del to run SETUP and correct the problem
SETUP displays the Main Menu, which allows you to selectvarious options to identify your system’s configuration andthen save your new values. You can also cancel any changesyou have made and restore the default values stored in ROM orload the previously stored values.
2-2 Running SETUP and Installing DriversThe table below lists the keys you can use to perform SETUPoperations.
SETUP function keys
Key Function
Move the cursor to the next or previous modifiable option
Home or End Move the cursor to the top or bottom of the menu
F1 or Alt H Display a help screen describing the option currentlyselected
PgDn or– SeIect the previous value
PgUp or+or SeIect the next value
Spacebar
F9 Supplies the factory default values for the SETUP options onthe current screen
F1O Ignoresany changes you have made on the currentscreen
Enter Selects the current option or value
Esc or Alt X Return to the previous screen
While you are in SETUP, the bottom of the screen lists the keysyou can press to perform specific functions.
Using the System Setup Option
When you select the System Setup option, you see the
System Setup screen. From this screen, you can set the systemtime and date, define your video display type, check systemmemory, and define the diskette drives.
Move the cursor to the value you want to change. Thenincrease or decrease the value until you see the one you want.
Running SETUP and Installing Drivers 2-3Setting the time and date
The real-time clock in your computer continuously tracks thedate and time—even when the computer is turned off. Onceyou set the System Time and System Date options, youshould not need to change them, unless you adjust the time fordaylight savings or a different time zone. (The computerautomatically changes the date for leap years.)
Setting the video display type
The Video System option allows you to define the type ofdisplay you are using. If you have connected a VGA or SVGAmonitor to the computer’s built-in VGA port, select EGA/VGA.
If you connected a monitor that doesn‘t support VGA to avideo adapter card installed in your system, select either the
CGA 80X25 or the Monochrome option. If you installed avideo adapter card, make sure you disable the on-board SVGAcontroller by setting jumpers JP31, JP32, and JP33 to the Offposition. (See Chapter 4 for information on setting jumpers.)
Checking system memory
When you boot your system, the system BIOS updates thememory size automatically. You see the memory configurationdisplayed in the System Memory and Extended Memoryfields on this SETUP screen.
You cannot change these values; if they are not what youexpect them to be, check that the SIMM(s) are securely seatedin their sockets, as described in Chapter 4.
Setting the diskette drive(s)
On your system, diskette drive A is the 3.5-inch, high-densitydrive installed in the computer. You may also have anotherdrive of a different size or capacity; this is drive B. Check thesettings for both drives and correct them if necessary.
2-4 Running SETUP and Installing DriversUsing the Fixed Disk Setup Option
The Fixed Disk Setup option defines the types of harddisk drives you have installed in your system. When you selectthis option, you see the Fixed Disk Setup screen. From thisscreen, select Fixed Disk 0 Control (Boot Drive) orfixed disk 1 through fixed disk 3 options to configure from oneto four drives. (Fixed disks 0 and 1 are the drives connected toyour primary IDE hard disk drive interface; fixed disks 2 and 3are connected to the secondary hard disk drive interface.)
If any of the drives you installed are larger than 528 MB, makesure the Large Disk DOS Compatibility option is set to
Enabled (the default setting).
Your computer comes with a hard disk auto-sensing feature.
Press Enter when the Autotype Fixed Disk option ishighlighted. The system detects the type of hard disk drive andfills in the remaining fields on the screen.
Some drives, such as preform atted drives, may not support theauto-sensing feature. If the drive parameters sensed by thecomputer do not match your drive, check Appendix A to see ifyour drive’s parameters are included in the hard disk drivetable. If not, you need to define your own drive type orreformat the disk. See the next section for instructions ondefining your own drive type.
The LBA Mode Control option enables or disables ISAlogical block address control for each drive. If you install an
IDE drive that has a capacity greater than 528 MB, enable thisoption for that drive; the default setting is Disabled.
The Physical Drive option allows you to specify whetherthe drive will be the primary master or slave, or the secondarymaster or slave. The setting Default indicates that the driveis the primary master drive. Make sure the Physical Drivesetting for each drive matches the hard disk drive jumpers youset when you installed the drive(s).
Running SETUP and Installing Drivers 2-5Defining your own drive type
If the parameters for your hard disk do not match theparameters detected by the auto-sensing feature, you candefine your own drive type. (See Appendix A for a list ofpredefine hard disk drive types and their parameters.)
To define your own drive type, follow these steps:1. Move the cursor to Type and select user,
2. Type the values in each field that are appropriate for yourhard disk drive.
3. When you leave SETUP, make sure you save your changes.
Using the Advanced System Setup Options
When you select the Advanced System Setup option, yousee the Advanced System Setup screen, from which you canconfigure the computer’s cache memory, shadow memory, andparallel port. Your system can automatically configure the
Memory Cache and Memory Shadow options for you. Toavoid configuration problems, you should let the systemconfigure these options.
Configuring cache memory
The system can configure your Memory Cache options oryou can manually set them. If you have installed externalcache, enabling cache memory improves system perform ante,especially in large data retrieval and processing environments.
You can configure the cache memory yourself, rather than letthe system configure it for you. However, it’s a good idea to letthe system automatically configure these options.
2-6 Running SETUP and Installing DriversConfiguring shadow memory
The system can configure the Memory Shadow options oryou can manually enable shadowing for all of your videomemory or for specific blocks of video ROM.
Note
Shadowing for system memory is always enabled. For thebest system perform ance, always set the Video shadowoption to Enabled.
Your computer can access RAM faster than ROM. The optionson this screen allow your system to copy the contents of itsvideo ROM into RAM. When you use shadowing, your systemcan perform certain operations faster, providing a significantincrease in perform ance.
If you enable video shadowing for specific blocks, the ROMlocated in each enabled block is copied to the shadow RAMarea.
Configuring your parallel port mode
To select the mode you want to use for your parallel port, selectthe Advanced Chipset Control option. Then set the
LPT Extended Mode option to Standard (for ATunidirectional mode), EPP mode (for Enhanced Parallel Portbidirectional mode), ECP mode (for Extended Capabilities
Port bidirectional mode), or Disabled to disable the port.
If you use EPP mode or ECP mode, check your parallel devicesoftware documentation for the correct DMA channel (DRQ)setting. Then set jumpers JP17 and JP18 to match this setting, asdescribed in Chapter 4.
Running SETUP and Installing Drivers 2-7Setting the Boot Options
When you select Boot Options from the Main Menu, yousee the Boot Options screen, which allows you to define thedrive boot sequence and determine which power-on diagnostictests the computer performs when you start your system.
The Boot sequence option determines the order in whichthe computer checks the drives for an operating system whenyou turn it on or reset it. The table below describes theavailable options.
Boot sequence option settings
Select To
A: then C: * Load operating system from drive A. If it isn’tthere, load it from drive C (recommendedsetting).
C: then A: Load operating system from drive C. If it isn’tthere, load it from drive A.
C: only Load operating system from drive C.
* Default setting
If you set the Boot sequence option to C: only, youshould disable the Floppy check option (described below)so the system doesn’t access the diskette drive during thestartup procedure. Disabling this option decreases the timeneeded to start the system.
The Floppy check option allows you to speed up the bootprocess by disabling power-on diagnostic checking of thediskette drive type. The default setting for this option is
Enabled; however you should select Disabled if you setthe Boot sequence option (described above) to C: only.
2-8 Running SETUP and Installing DriversUsing the Extended Features Options
When you select Extended Features from the Main
Menu, you see the Extended Features screen, which allows youto customize the way your keyboard works when you turn onor reset your computer.
Numlock option
Select On to turn on Num Lock mode or select Off to turn itoff each time you turn on or reset your computer.
Key click option
Select Disabled (the default setting) to turn off the clickingsound produced by your computer’s speaker when you press akeyboard key. Select Enabled to turn on the clicking sound.
Keyboard auto-repeat rate option
Select the rate (in characters per second) at which you wantyour keyboard to repeat input of a character when you holddown a key. The default setting is 30/sec (30 characters persecond).
Running SETUP and Installing Drivers 2-9Setting the Security and Anti- Virus Options
When you select the Security and Anti-Virus optionfrom the Main Menu, you see the Security and Anti-Virusscreen, which contains the options described below.
Selecting password types
You can define both User and Supervisor password levels forthis system. If this system will be used by more than oneperson, you may want to set a Supervisor password foryourself and a User password for others you don’t want tohave complete access to the system. For instance, you maywant to restrict access to the diskette drives or the virusprotection features on this system.
See the next sections for instructions on selecting the type ofpassword prompting you want and on entering, changing, ordeleting passwords.
Note
If both a Supervisor password and a User password areenabled, SETUP displays options for setting the Userpassword only to users who logged on with a Userpassword.
Selecting password prompting
If you enable the Password on boot option, you mustenter the Supervisor or User password each time you turn onthe system. If you disable this option, but you‘ve definedpasswords, you must enter the password each time you start
SETUP.
2-10 Running SETUP and Installing DriversEntering or changing passwords
To specify a User password, you must first specify a Supervisorpassword. Follow these steps to enter or change a password
1. Select Set Supervisor Password and press Enter.
2. You see a Set Supervisor Password window. Type apassword of up to seven characters and press Enter.
3. Type the same password a second time and press Enter.see a message that your changes have been saved.
You
4. Press the spacebar. The Supervisor Password optionnow displays Enabled.
To set a User password, select the Set user Passwordoption as you follow the steps above.
Deleting passwords
To delete your passwords, follow these steps:1. Set the Password on boot option to Disabled.
2. Delete the User password by pressing Enter for both thepassword field and the confirmation field. Don’t type anycharacters in these fields.
3. Then delete the Supervisor password the same way.
Note
If you set both a User and Supervisor password, you mustdelete the User password before you can access the
Supervisor password option.
If you forget your password, see “Password Problems” in
Chapter 6.
Running SETUP and Installing Drivers 2-11Using the virus protection features
Several options on the Security and Anti-Virus screen allowyou to define system protection features.
The Diskette access option allows you to restrict accessto your diskette drives based on the password levels you havedefined. This prevents unauthorized users from accessing thedrives and possibly introducing a virus to your system. Youcan restrict diskette access only if passwords are enabled andyou have enabled the Password on boot option.
If you select Supervisor for this option, you can access thediskette drives only if you enter the Supervisor password whenyou start your system. Someone who starts the system with a
User password, however, will see an error message when he orshe tries to access the diskette drive. If you select user forthe Diskette access option, you can access the diskettedrives whether you enter the Supervisor or User passwordwhen you start the system.
Note
To use passwords for diskette drive access, you must enablethe Password on boot option. If you select a passwordlevel for Diskette access, but leave the Passwordon boot option disabled, you see an error messagewhenever you try to access your diskette drive.
You can also protect your system by selecting Writeprotect for the Fixed disk boot sector option.
When this option is enabled, the system displays an errormessage when a program tries to write to the boot sector ofyour hard disk drive. To use a legitimate program (such as the
MS-DOS FORMAT command) you must disable the writeprotect option.
2-12 Running SETUP and Installing DriversThe System backup reminder and virus checkreminder option son this screen allow you to define timeintervals for the system to display a prompt asking youwhether you have performed your scheduled virus check oryour scheduled backup for your hard disk drive. You candisable these prompts or have them display Daily, Weekly,or Monthly. If you respond that you have not performedthese functions, however, the system still starts norm ally.
Using the Green PC Features
The Green PC options allow you to define how theenergy-saving features of this Energy Star compliant systemwork for you. The options on the Green PC Features screenallow you to disable the energy-saving feature or set time-outperiods to put the system and hard disk drive in a low-energystandby mode.
The Inactivity Timer1 option sets the time-out periodfor video signals to your monitor. When the mouse orkeyboard has been inactive for the time period you select here,your computer stops sending video signals to your monitor. Ifyour monitor is also Energy Star compliant, it goes into alow-power standby mode because it isn't receiving videosignals from your computer. Screens on monitors that aren’t
Energy Star compliant will go blank when your system is instandby mode.
If you select a time period for the Lockout Timer as well asthe Inactivity Timerl option, the system won’t acceptyour keyboard input for the specified period of time after yoursystem has returned to an active mode. This allows time foryour monitor to return to full power also.
The Fixed Disk Timeout option determines the time-outperiod for your hard disk drive. The hard disk drive goes into alow-power standby mode when the mouse and keyboard havebeen inactive for the period of time you‘ve indicated.
Running SETUP and Installing Drivers 2-13Note
Some hard disk drives do not support a low-power standbymode. Also, the delay caused by the hard disk drivereturning to active mode may cause errors in someapplications. If you have problems, you may want to disablethe Fixed Disk Timeout option.
Exiting SETUP
When you leave SETUP, you can save your settings, or exit
SETUP without saving your settings. You can also return allvalues to the factory defaults.
To leave SETUP, press ESC from any SETUP screen. From the
SETUP Main Menu, you can perform the following functions:Load ROM Loads the factory default settings
Default Values stored in ROM back into CMOS.
If you change your systemconfiguration using the SETUPprogram and then have problems,you can load ROM values to bootthe system and start over.
Load Values Loads the current values stored infrom CMOS CMOS for all SETUP options. Thisignores any changes you havemade through SETUP.
Save Values to Saves the changes you have made
CMOS to your configuration to CMOS.
Press ESC to exit SETUP and restart your computer.
2-14 Running SETUP and Installing DriversPost-SETUP Procedures
After you run SETUP for the first time, you may need to installthe operating system on your computer (ifit is not alreadyinstalled). See your operating system manual for instructions.
Once you have installed your operating system, install anysoftware you plan to use. See your application programmanuals for instructions.
Note
If you plan to install IDE or video drivers for Windowsapplications, you must install Windows before you caninstall the drivers.
InstaIling the IDE Drivers
If you want to take advantage of the high-speed performanceavailable through your system’s local bus interfaces for thehard disk drives, you must install the IDE (integrated driveelectronics) drivers included on Drivers Diskette 2.
Before you install the IDE drivers, make sure you back up yourhard disk drive. Then use the installation program on Drivers
Diskette 2 to install the drivers.
Note
Make sure you use the installation program to install the
IDE drivers. If you simply copy the driver files, they won’twork correctly.
Running SETUP and Installing Drivers 2-15You should always install the IDE driver for DOS. If you areusing Windows, make sure you also install the IDE driver for
Windows. You must install Windows before you install the IDEdriver for Windows.
Follow these steps to install the IDE drivers:1. Insert Drivers Diskette 2 in drive A
2. Log onto the IDE subdirectory on drive A.
3. Type INSTALL4 and press Enter
4. Follow the instructions on the screen to install the IDEdrivers on your hard disk. This installation programchanges your computer’s CONFIG.SYS file so the systemloads the IDE drivers at startup. If you select the IDE driverfor Windows, this program also modifies the SYSTEM.INIfile for Windows.
After you install the drivers, the system reboots.
Note
Not all hard disk drives can take full advantage of the localbus IDE interface. To take advantage of this feature, yourhard disk drive must support a 32-bit data path that usesdouble-word I/O. To find out whether your hard drive usesdouble-word I/O, see the hardware specifications for thedrive or contact the drive manufacturer and request aproduct specification.
2-16 Running SETUP and Installing DriversInstaIling Video Drivers
The two driver diskettes included with your system containutilities and video drivers for Windows and popular DOSapplications. For instructions on installing video drivers, seethe README file included on each of the Drivers diskettes.
Note
You must install Windows before you install the videodriver for Windows.
To obtain drivers for additional applications or new drivers asthey become available, contact the EPSON Connection oraccess the Epson America Forum on CompuServe.
Running SETUP and Installing Drivers 2-172-18 Running SETUP and Installing DriversChapter 3
Using Your Computer
This chapter describes the following operations:Working comfortably
Using energy wisely
Using your Green PC features
Inserting and removing diskettes
Stopping a command or program
Resetting the computer
Using the passwords
Changing the processor speed.
Working Comfortably
If you spend a lot of time at your computer, you mayexperience occasional fatigue or discomfort caused byrepetitive motions or too much time spent in one position. Ifyou follow the guidelines in this section, you may avoid theseproblems and actually increase your productivity.
Take a few minutes to read this section for suggestions about:Using the right furniture
Positioning your monitor
Lighting your workspace
Using Your Computer 3-1 Using a keyboard and mouse
Maintaining good posture and work habits.
Using the Right Furniture
Selecting a good desk and using the right typeof chair can make a big difference in your levelof comfort. When you set up your furniture,
consider these suggestions:An L- or U-shaped desk configuration works well because itprovides ample space to hold your computer equipment andwork materials while keeping everything within easy reach. Asplit-level desk or one with a pull-out keyboard drawer letsyou place the keyboard in a comfortable typing position.
Since you’ll usually be sitting when you use your computer, it’simportant to have a good chair. An adjustable chair allows youto support your body in the correct position. Make sure thechair supports your lower back; the backrest should fit thecurvature of your spine. To reduce fatigue, try to use a chairwith adjustable, padded armrests so you can occasionally restyour arms while you work.
Make sure the seat and backrest are wide enough so you can sitin a variety of positions throughout the day. Also leave enoughroom under the work surface so you can vary the position ofyour legs.
Adjust the height of your chair so when you are using thekeyboard or mouse your upper arms are vertical and yourforearms and wrists are horizontal. For good circulation, yourfeet should rest flat on the floor with your lower legs verticaland your knees level with your hips. You may need to use afootrest to maintain the correct alignment for your legs.
3-2 Using Your ComputerPositioning Your Monitor
Place the monitor so it is directly in front of youwith the top of the screen slightly below eye levelwhen you are sitting at the computer. You may want to place iton top of the computer or on a stand.
Your line of sight to the screen should be about 10 to 20 degreesbelow the horizontal. If the monitor has a tilt and swivel base,you can adjust the position of the monitor screen for the bestviewing angle.
Sit about an arm’s length or more away from the monitor. Themost comfortable viewing distance depends on the size of thescreen characters and your ability to focus on the display.
Adjust the monitor’s brightness and contrast controls tomaximize image clarity, and keep the screen clean.
Try placing any source documents you are using on a copystand and position the stand next to the screen at the same eyelevel. This reduces neck strain and makes it easier for your eyesto move back and forth between the document and the screen.
Lighting Your Workspace
Appropriate lighting increases your comfort andproductivity, and it’s good for your eyes.
Arrange your computer and light sources to minimize glareand bright reflections.
Position the monitor so that any windows in the room face thesides of the monitor, not the front or back. This will help reduceglare.
Using Your Computer 3-3For working at the computer, indirect or shielded lighting isbest, and it should light your entire office equally. Make surethe lighting is not too bright, because this can make your eyestired from continually readjusting between the relative dimnessof the screen and the bright surroundings. You can use windowblinds, shades, or drapes to control the amount of daylight inthe room or reduce overhead lighting by turning off ordimming the lights.
Here is a simple way you can test your lighting. While lookingat the screen, use your hand to shield your eyes from thebrightest light source in the room (such as a window oroverhead light). If you feel a sense of relief, no matter howsmall, your current lighting is too bright.
Using the Keyboard and Mouse
Constant use of a keyboard, mouse, or anypointing device can lead to a variety of aches andstrains. To prevent injury, keep your handsrelaxed and rest them frequently
Try to keep your fingers parallel with your forearms to preventstraining your wrists. Adjust the angle of the keyboard so theslope is no more than 25 degrees. (The keyboard has legs on thebottom which allow you to adjust the angle.)
Keep your hands and fingers relaxed when you are typing andtry not to hit the keys too hard; using too much force createstension in your hands. Remove your hands from the keyboardwhen you are not using it and take frequent breaks to stretchyour hands and fingers.
When using a mouse, keep your wrist and fingers relaxed. Letgo of the mouse frequently and stretch or relax your hand.
Leave enough space on your work surface so you can freelymove the mouse.
3-4 Using Your ComputerMaintaining Good Posture and Work
Habits
Here are suggestions to help you stay fit whileusing your computer. If you form good workhabits, you shouldn’t have to spend too much time thinkingabout it!
Work in a relaxed, natural, upright position and let thechair support you. Your back and neck should be straightwith your shoulders down and relaxed. Keep the elbowsand hips bent at about a 90 degree angle and your forearmsand thighs parallel to the floor.
Try to keep your arms in an easy, natural position withyour elbows near your body and level with or slightlylower than the keyboard. Your wrists should be straight,not bent, and your hands should rest lightly on the keys orthe mouse.
Rest your eyes occasionally by closing them or focusing ona fixed spot in the distance.
Change your sitting position frequently throughout the dayto avoid muscle fatigue. Take periodic breaks; stand up,stretch, and move around.
Using Your Computer 3-5Using Energy Wisely
By purchasing this low-power, Energy Star compliantcomputer, you join a growing number of users concerned aboutconserving energy. Here are a few additional tips you can useto be even more energy-wise:If your printer and monitor aren’t Energy Star compliant,turn them off when you’re not using them.
Use the print preview option on your software before youprint something. You’ll be able to catch formatting errorsbefore you commit them to paper.
If you have an electronic m ail system available to you, send
E-mail rather than memos. Not only is this faster, but you ’11save paper and storage space too.
Use recycled paper whenever you can and, if possible,reuse or recycle used paper instead of throwing it away
Using Your Green PC Featutes
If you have an Energy Star compliant monitor, your computerplaces the monitor, the hard disk drive, or both into alow-power standby mode when the keyboard or mouse hasbeen inactive for the time periods you select in SETUP. See
Chapter 2 for information on setting these values.
When your system is in standby mode, the Num Lock light onyour keyboard flashes and your screen is blank. (Screens onnon-compliant monitors go blank, but do not enter low-powerstandby mode.) Press any key or move the mouse to resumeactivity.
3-6 Using Your ComputerIf the hard disk drive is in standby mode, it doesn’t return toactive mode until you access it. You’ll hear it start again. It willtake a few seconds to reach its operating speed and read orwrite to the disk. The hard disk drive access light turns onwhen the system begins accessing the disk.
Note
Some hard disk drives do not support a low-power standbymode. Also, the delay caused by the hard disk drivereturning to active mode may cause errors in someapplications. If you have problems, you may want to disablethe standby mode for the hard disk drive.
Inserting and Removing Diskettes
To insert a diskette into a 3.5-inch drive, hold the diskette withthe label facing up and the shutter leading into the drive, asshown in the following illustration. Slide the diskette into thedrive until it clicks into place.
Using Your Computer 3-7To insert a diskette into a 5.25-inch drive, hold the diskette withthe label facing up and the read/ write slot leading into thedrive. When the disk is completely in the drive, turn down thelatch to secure the diskette in the drive.
When you want to remove the diskette, make sure the drivelight is offi then press the release button or turn the latch.
Remove the diskette and store it properly.
Caution
Never remove a diskette, reset the computer, or turn it offwhile a diskette drive light is on. You could lose data. Also,remove all diskettes before you turn off the computer.
Stopping a Command or Program
You may sometimes need to stop a command or program whileit is running. If you want to stop a DOS or DOS applicationprogram command, try one of the following:Press Pause
Press Ctrl C
Press Ctrl Break.
If these methods do not work, you may need to reset thecomputer as described below. Do not turn off the computer toexit a program or stop a command unless you have to, becausethe computer erases any data you did not save.
3-8 Using Your ComputerResetting the Computer
Occasionally, you may want to clear the computer’s memorywithout turning it off. You can do this by resetting thecomputer.
For example, if an error occurs and the computer does notrespond to your keyboard entries, you can reset it to reloadyour operating system and try again. However, resetting erasesany data in memory that you have not saved; so reset only ifnecessary.
Caution
Do not reset the computer to exit a program. Some programsclassify and store new data when you exit them. If you resetthe computer without properly exiting a program, you maylose data.
If you set the Boot sequence in SETUP to C: only (see
Chapter 2), the operating system must be on the hard diskwhen you reset the computer. If you selected the other options,the operating system must be either on the hard disk or on adiskette in drive A. If you do not have a hard disk, insert theoperating system diskette in drive A.
If you are using DOS, you can press Ctrl Alt Del to reset thesystem. (If you are using Windows, you must press Ctrl Alt Deltwice.) You can also press the RESET button located on the frontright side of your computer. The screen displays nothing for amoment and then the computer reloads the operating system.
Using Your Computer 3-9If resetting the computer does not correct the problem, youprobably need to turn it off and on again. Remove anydiskette(s) from the diskette drive(s). Turn off the computerand wait 20 seconds. If your operating system is not on thehard disk drive, insert a bootable diskette (one that contains thenecessary portions of the operating system) in drive A. Thenturn on the computer.
Using a Password
Using SETUP, you can define both a Supervisor level p as swordand a User level password. You can also specify whether apassword is required when you start the system. Thispassword can also control who has access to the diskette drives.
If you enabled the Password on boot option in SETUP,you must enter the Supervisor or User password every timeyou turn on or r

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